Gandini is well known for using siteswap to find new artistic expressions. They have also contributed to the development and expansion of the notation system.
Here are some simple examples of juggling patterns and what they are called. To make these, I used the program JugglingLab, which is one of many applications that can be used to find and visualize juggling patterns.
This is the simplest juggling pattern with three balls. All throws are similar and go to the opposite hand.
This is another way to juggle three balls. There are two types of throws: fours and ones. The fours are high throws in columns, which means that they land in the same hand as they were thrown from. The ones are low, quick throws that land in the opposite hand.
Here we have the juggling pattern 4413, which is simply obtained by taking 441 together with 3. Here there are three types of throws: fours , ones and threes. Notice that the fours never change hands and that one ball continuously switches between being a one and a three.